CLOCKSS: Business History

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CLOCKSS: Business History

The CLOCKSS Archive transitioned from an initiative with part-time outreach support to fulltime management of outreach, financial processes, and marketing efforts in late January 2011. Randy S. Kiefer began as the first fulltime Executive Director of the CLOCKSS Archive. From that date, the organizational environment has stabilized and grown steadily.

Business Performance

The performance of the archive is noted in the following measurements:

Library Recap 31-Dec-13 31-Dec-14 31-Dec-15 31-Dec-16
Governing Libraries (GL) 12 12 12 12
Supporting Libraries incl. GL 710 722 747 672
Year over year increase 464 12 25 (75)
Publisher Recap 31-Dec-13 31-Dec-14 31-Dec-15 31-Dec-16
Governing Publishers (GP) 11 10 10 10
Participating Publishers incl. GP 178 204 211 217
Year over year increase 58 26 7 6

Critical Factors

The critical factors for the sustainability of the archive are a steady number of renewing supporting libraries, a steady growth in the number of publishers, and the spread of revenues across the various fee levels. The underlying support of the technical work performed by the LOCKSS team is focused on the total income derived from publishers in the form of annual participation fees and ingest fees for their content. The optimal goal is 90% or better. By 2016 and 2017, fees from publishers reached 99% of the technical costs.

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